A DECADE ago, Europe counted five banks among the world’s top ten. Today there is only one, HSBC. During that time Chinese banks not only made the list, but vaulted into the top two places, according to annual rankings by The Banker released on June 30th. Last year China Construction Bank shoved aside America’s JPMorgan Chase to become second largest in terms of tier-one capital. ICBC (formerly known as Industrial and Commercial Bank of China) kept the top spot; with more than $200 billion, it is also the world’s most profitable bank. Though Japan’s Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group is close to leaving the list altogether, until 2007 its $117 billion heft would have made it the world’s biggest bank. Despite regulations designed to keep banks’ ambitions modest so that none are too big to fail, today’s groups are larger than ever. Global banking profits are at a record high of $920 billion—a third from Chinese banks alone.